Posts tagged ‘civil rights act of 1867’

U.S. History 1 – Politics of post civil war reconstruction

Think About …

  • How could the
    south, devastated
    by war, be rebuilt?
  •  
  • How would former
    slaves fare as
    free men & women?
    •  
  • How could southern
    states reintegrate
    into the union?
    •  

    Plans For reconstruction

    • What was ‘reconstruction
      • A time period
        in which southern
        states must
        be rebuilt
        from the civil
        war devastation
      • Between 1865
        and 1877
        the
        country had
        to readmit
        southern states
    • Radical
      Republicans

      • Republicans who
        wanted to destroy
        political power
        of former slave
        owners
      • Wanted
        to give African
        Americans the
        right to vote
        and full citizenship
      • Major radical
        : Thaddeus
        Stevens
      • Passed Wade-Davis
        Bill
        in
        response to
        Lincolns plan

        • Gave
          congress
          responsibility
          of reconstruction
        • ¾ of
          state must
          oath allegiance
        • Did not
          pass as
          a law
    • Problem: Lincoln,
      Johnson, & Congress
      all had their own
      plans for reconstruction
    • Lincoln’s
      10% plan
      (Dec
      1863): Charge
      major war generals,
      and pardon most
      confederates.
      10% must take
      an oath to the
      Union
    • 4 states followed
      Lincolns plan
    • Arkansas
    • Tennessee
    • Louisiana
    • Virginia
  • Johnson’s
    plan
    • Each state
      must withdraw
      succession
    • ¾ allegiance
      to union
    • reparations
      (pay for the
      war damage)
    • Ratify 13th
      amendment (end
      slavery)
  • Congress & Radical
    Republican’s  Plan
    (mid
    1866)

    • Passed 14th
      amendment
      • Guaranteed
        citizenship
        for freed slaves
      • Protects
        all citizens
      • No state
        can deny life,
        liberty, & property
      • If any state
        denies voting
        rights, they
        will lose representation
        in congress

        Other

      • Freemen’s
        Bureau

        • February 1865
      • Assisted former
        slaves with basic
        needs
      • Provided schools
        / hospitals / training
        for former slaves
    • 1866
      Congessional
      Elections

      • Johnson went
        on a speaking tour
        to gain support
      • Northerners think
        the government
        needs to step in
        stop race riots
      • Republics
        gain 2/3 majority
        in congress
    • Civil
      Rights Act of
      1866

      • Gives African
        Americans citizenship
        and forbids and
        discrimination
        (black codes)
    • Reconstruction
      Act of 1867

      • Divided former
        confederation into
        5 military districts
      • Military put
        in charge of
        reconstruction
      • Voters elect
        new representation
        to write new
        state constitutions
      • Pass
        14th Amendment
    • Office
      of Tenure Act

      • Cabinet members
        allowed to serve
        full length appointed
        to them
      • Johnson
        fires one of
        his cabinet members
        and is tried
        for impeachment
        but not kicked
        out of office
        for he was found
        innocent by one
        vote
    • Election
      of 1868

      • Democratic
        Candidate : Horatio
        Seymour
      • Republican
        Candidate : Ulysses
        S Grant
      • Won
        with 305,592
        votes
      • 15th
        Amendment

        • Nobody
          can be kept from
          voting based
          on race, color,
          or previous condition
          of servitude

      May 23, 2008 at 5:07 pm 1 comment


      Categories


      Follow

      Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.